The aorta is the largest artery in the body oxygen rich blood enters the aorta and the heart pumps the blood out of the aorta where it travels to the rest of the body via the smaller arteries that branch out from it when affected by disease the aorta can split dissection or dilate aneurysm . Coarctation of the aorta often occurs along with other congenital heart defects although doctors dont know what causes multiple heart defects to form together the condition is more common in males than in females you or your child may be more likely to have aortic coarctation if certain heart conditions exist including bicuspid aortic valve. Diseases of the aorta e stanley crawford and john l crawford eds baltimore 1984 williams wilkins 401 pages 13500 this volume is a compendium of dr e stanley crawfords experience with aortic surgery during a 30 year career and draws on a clinical experience exceeding 4000 cases. Cardiovascular disease the heart the pulmonary artery and the aorta in various lung diseases an obstruction to blood flow through the network of vessels in the lungs develops this places a burden on the right side of the heart which normally pumps against a low pressure load with little resistance to blood flow pulmonary artery pressures are normally low compared with those in the aorta. The aorta itself is affected by inflammatory changes in only a subgroup of patients stenotic as well as aneurysmal lesions of the supra aortic branches are most commonly seen this disease predominantly affects females aged over 50 years and the prevalence increases with age
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